Basic Concepts are fundamental to language. They help us understand our surroundings, follow directions and routines, and learn.
There are are a variety of basic concepts, including spatial, temporal, quantitative, emotional, and more.
Examples include: hot/cold, on/off, big/small, happy/sad, first/last.
Some ideas to work on basic concepts:
Farm Play: Put the animals on the barn, take them off, put them inside, feed the big one, talk about them being happy to play with each other.
Bath Time: Make the cup full/empty, put animals in the tub and take out.
Read: You can find books that explicitly target basic concepts. Or just pick any book and talk about what you see…characters happy/sad, under a tree, small/big, next to their friends…
Model into everyday life: Talk about feeling happy/sad, putting food on the plate, putting trash in the bin, getting toys out of the closet, looking under the bed, the food being hot/cold.
Along with asking questions, try to provide lots of modeling and comments during play and daily life.